Diabetes is a chronic, progressive disease that affects approximately 347 million people worldwide. According to the International Diabetes Federation, diabetes incidence rates are mounting, particularly in countries where a sedentary lifestyle and obesity are on the rise. Without significant intervention, one person in ten will have diabetes by 2030.

Know the risk factors

Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes; it is also known as non-insulin diabetes or adult-onset diabetes and accounts for 90 percent of all cases.

In addition to older age, other risk factors for diabetes include being obese, having a family history of diabetes, impaired glucose metabolism, and a sedentary lifestyle. African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and some Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes and its complications.

Taking steps to reduce your risk of diabetes

A number of studies have shown that regular physical activity can significantly reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It is also an important part of a healthy lifestyle for people with type 2 diabetes. People of all ages – with and without diabetes – can benefit from physical activity, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
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Healthier eating and weight loss can also help delay or prevent the onset of diabetes, according to a major study funded by the U.S. government. Eat three to five servings of fruits and vegetables a day and reduce consumption of sugar and saturated fats.
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