UNDERSTANDING
HEAD AND NECK
CANCER

WHAT IS HEAD AND NECK CANCER?

Head and neck cancer is a term used to describe a number of different malignant tumors that develop in or around the throat, larynx, nose, sinuses and mouth.

IN THE U.S. ...

it is estimated that more than
63,000* new cases
were diagnosed in 2017.

*oral cavity, pharynx and larynx

WORLDWIDE ...

Head and neck cancer is the sixth most common cancer and an estimated 686,000 new cases were diagnosed in 2012

AREAS OF THE HEAD AND NECK
WHERE CANCERS BEGIN:

  1. Paranasal sinuses & nasal cavity
  2. Oral cavity
  3. Salivary glands
  4. Larynx
  5. Pharynx

THE MEDIAN AGE AT DIAGNOSIS IS BETWEEN THE AGES OF

50-59

THE INCIDENCE OF HEAD AND NECK CANCER IS

3x
HIGHER
IN MEN

THERE ARE TWO FACTORS THAT GREATLY INCREASE THE RISK OF HEAD AND NECK CANCER:

85%

Tobacco Use

85 percent of head and neck cancer cases are linked to tobacco use, and secondhand smoke may also increase a person's risk.

Alcohol

Frequent and heavy alcohol consumption.

OTHER RISK FACTORS INCLUDE:

  • Prolonged sun exposure
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • Marijuana use
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Poor oral/dental hygiene
  • Environmental/occupational inhalants
  • Poor nutrition
  • Gastroesophageal and laryngopharyngeal reflux diseases
  • Weakened immune system