UNDERSTANDING
HEAD AND NECK
CANCER

WHAT IS HEAD AND NECK CANCER?

Head and neck cancer is a term used to describe a number of different malignant tumors that develop in or around the throat, larynx (voice box), nose, sinuses and mouth.

AREAS OF THE HEAD AND NECK
WHERE CANCERS BEGIN:

  1. Paranasal sinuses & nasal cavity
  2. Oral cavity
  3. Salivary glands
  4. Larynx (voice box)
  5. Pharynx (cavity behind nose & mouth, connecting both to esophagus)

HEAD AND NECK CANCERS ARE COMMONLY DIAGNOSED IN PEOPLE

50+ years old

THE INCIDENCE OF HEAD AND NECK CANCER IS

2x
HIGHER
IN MEN

THERE ARE TWO FACTORS THAT GREATLY INCREASE THE RISK OF HEAD AND NECK CANCER:

85%

Tobacco Use

85 percent of head and neck cancer cases are linked to tobacco use, and secondhand smoke may also increase a person's risk

Alcohol

Frequent and heavy alcohol consumption

OTHER RISK FACTORS INCLUDE:

  • Prolonged sun exposure
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • Marijuana use
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Poor oral/dental hygiene
  • Environmental/occupational inhalants
  • Poor nutrition
  • Gastroesophageal and laryngopharyngeal reflux diseases
  • Weakened immune system

IN THE U.S. ...

it is estimated that
more than 65,000 new cases
of head and neck cancer will be diagnosed in 2019.*