Merck’s BELSOMRA® (suvorexant) C-IV Meets Primary Efficacy Endpoint in Phase 3 Trial for the Treatment of Insomnia in People with Mild-to-Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease Dementia
May 7, 2019 5:45 am ET
First Randomized Controlled Polysomnography Trial of Insomnia Medication in Alzheimer’s Disease Dementia Population
Data to be Filed with FDA for Potential Inclusion in BELSOMRA Prescribing Information
KENILWORTH, N.J.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Merck (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada,
today announced the presentation of results of a Phase 3 trial
evaluating the efficacy and safety of BELSOMRA® (suvorexant)
C-IV for the treatment of insomnia in people with mild-to-moderate
Alzheimer’s disease dementia.
This is the first dedicated Phase 3 polysomnography study of an insomnia
medication in people with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease dementia,
and in the trial, BELSOMRA met its primary and secondary efficacy
endpoints. For the primary endpoint, 4-weeks of treatment with BELSOMRA
improved mean total sleep time (TST) by 28.2 minutes versus placebo
(n=135 vs. n=139, respectively; [95% CI:11.1,45.2], p<0.005). This
corresponded to a mean increase from baseline of 73.4 minutes with
BELSOMRA [95% CI: 61.3, 85.5] and a mean increase from baseline of 45.2
minutes with placebo [95% CI: 33.3, 57.2]. Adverse events were reported
in 22.5% of patients receiving BELSOMRA compared to 16.1% of those
receiving placebo. The results are being presented at the 2019 American
Academy of Neurology Annual Meeting, held May 4-10 in Philadelphia, PA.
“Insomnia and other sleep disturbances are more common in people with
Alzheimer’s disease dementia, but evidence for the efficacy and safety
of sleep medications in this population remains limited,” said Dr. W.
Joseph Herring, associate vice president, Global Clinical Research,
Neuroscience, Merck Research Laboratories. “We are encouraged by the
efficacy and safety results of BELSOMRA in those living with Alzheimer’s
disease dementia. Merck plans to file these data with the U.S. Food and
Drug Administration for potential inclusion into the BELSOMRA
BELSOMRA (suvorexant) C-IV 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg and 20 mg tablets are
currently approved in the United States for treatment of insomnia
characterized by difficulties with sleep onset and sleep maintenance.
The Phase 3 randomized, double-blind, clinical trial evaluated the
efficacy and safety of BELSOMRA (suvorexant) 10 mg, which could be
increased to a 20 mg dose based on clinical response (77% of patients
treated with BELSOMRA increased their dose from 10 mg to 20 mg after the
second week of study) or matching placebo in participants with
mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease dementia (a score of 12-26 on the
Mini Mental State Examination) and insomnia (mean total sleep time less
than 6 hours). Sleep was measured by overnight polysomnography in a
sleep laboratory. The trial consisted of a 3-week screening period with
a 2-week single blind placebo run in followed by a 4-week double blind
randomized treatment period. Overnight polysomnography in a sleep
laboratory was performed during a visit 14 days prior to randomization,
at a baseline visit 7 days prior to randomization and following the
4-week double-blind treatment period. The primary endpoint of the study
was change-from-baseline in polysomnography-measured mean TST in minutes
(higher score indicating improved sleep) at Week 4. The secondary
efficacy endpoint was mean wake after persistent sleep onset (WASO)
measured in minutes and defined as the total wake time over the PSG
recording period after the first period of continuous sleep lasting at
least 10 minutes (lower score corresponds to better sleep). Additional
exploratory measures included physician-assessed Clinician Global
Impression of Severity (CGI-S) of insomnia and a caregiver-reported
participant subjective Sleep Quality Rating (sSQR).
Of those participants completing the trial (BELSOMRA n=136; placebo
n=141), mean (SD) baseline TST was 278 (77) minutes for those receiving
BELSOMRA and 274 (84) minutes for placebo. Measurement at Week 4 showed
an increase in TST in the BELSOMRA group compared with placebo
(model-based least squares mean change-from-baseline in TST: BELSOMRA
73.4 minutes, placebo 45.2 minutes; difference = 28.2 minutes [95%
The secondary efficacy endpoint measurement at Week 4 showed an
improvement in WASO in the BELSOMRA group compared with placebo
(model-based least squares mean change-from-baseline in WASO: BELSOMRA
-41.8 minutes, placebo -32.5 minutes; difference = 15.7 minutes [95%
Safety was assessed by adverse event reports, laboratory analyses,
electrocardiograms and physical examinations performed as stated in the
protocol. Adverse events were recorded in 22.5% (n=32/142) of patients
in the BELSOMRA group and 16.1% (n=23/143) in the placebo group. One
patient in each group discontinued treatment due to an adverse event.
The most common recorded adverse event was somnolence (drowsiness),
which was reported in 4.2% (n=6) of patients in the BELSOMRA-treated
group and 1.4% (n=2) of placebo-treated patients. Somnolence was
recorded as mild-to-moderate severity. Other adverse events included:
headache (n=5 on BELSOMRA vs. n=6 on placebo), dry mouth (n=3 vs. n=1)
and falls (n=3 vs. n=0).
Insomnia and Alzheimer’s Disease
Findings indicate that insomnia affects up to 45% of people living with
Many factors contribute to insomnia, which evidence suggests includes
when wake-promoting signaling overrides sleep-promoting signaling in the
brain. There are many neurotransmitters in the brain that regulate
wakefulness, including the orexin signaling system. Elevated orexin
levels in cerebral spinal fluid are found in those living with
Changes occurring in the brain tissue of people with Alzheimer’s disease
are associated with the loss of mental abilities and are also believed
to cause disruptions in the sleep/wake cycle resulting in sleep
problems. Many people with Alzheimer’s disease wake up more often and
stay awake longer than those without the disease, which may lead to
significant shifts in sleep/wake patterns.
About BELSOMRA (suvorexant)
BELSOMRA (suvorexant) is a first-in-class oral, highly selective
antagonist for orexin receptors. Orexin is a neurotransmitter found in a
specific part of the brain that can help keep a person awake. The
mechanism by which BELSOMRA exerts its therapeutic effect is presumed to
be through antagonism of orexin receptors.
Indication for BELSOMRA (suvorexant)
BELSOMRA is indicated for the treatment of insomnia characterized by
difficulties with sleep onset and/or sleep maintenance.
Select Safety Information about BELSOMRA
BELSOMRA is contraindicated in patients with narcolepsy.
BELSOMRA contains suvorexant, a Schedule IV controlled substance.
BELSOMRA can impair daytime wakefulness. Central nervous system (CNS)
depressant effects can last for up to several days after discontinuation.
BELSOMRA can impair driving skills and may increase the risk of falling
asleep while driving. Caution patients taking BELSOMRA 20 mg against
next-day driving and other activities requiring full mental alertness.
Coadministration with other CNS depressants increases the risk of CNS
depression. Patients should be advised not to consume alcohol in
combination with BELSOMRA due to additive effects. Dosage adjustments of
BELSOMRA and of other concomitant CNS depressants may be necessary when
administered together because of potentially additive effects. The use
of BELSOMRA (suvorexant) with other drugs to treat insomnia is not
The risk of next-day impairment, including impaired driving, is
increased if BELSOMRA is taken with less than a full night of sleep
remaining, if a higher than recommended dose is taken, if
co-administered with other CNS depressants, or if co-administered with
other drugs that increase blood levels of BELSOMRA. Patients should be
cautioned against driving and other activities requiring complete mental
alertness if taken in these circumstances.
Reevaluate patients for comorbid conditions if insomnia persists after 7
to 10 days of treatment.
A variety of cognitive and behavioral changes (e.g., amnesia, anxiety,
hallucinations, and other neuropsychiatric symptoms) have been reported
with the use of hypnotics such as BELSOMRA. Complex behaviors such as
“sleep-driving” (i.e., driving while not fully awake after taking a
hypnotic) and other complex behaviors (e.g., preparing and eating food,
making phone calls, or having sex), with amnesia for the event, have
been reported in association with the use of hypnotics. Discontinuation
of BELSOMRA should be strongly considered for these patients. The use of
alcohol and other CNS depressants may increase the risk of such
behaviors. These events can occur in hypnotic-naïve as well as
hypnotic-experienced persons. Discontinuation of BELSOMRA should be
strongly considered for patients who report any complex sleep behavior.
In clinical studies, a dose-dependent increase in suicidal ideation was
observed in patients taking BELSOMRA, as assessed by questionnaire.
Immediately evaluate patients with suicidal ideation or any new onset
behavioral changes. Suicidal tendencies may be present and intentional
overdose is more common in this group of patients. Intentional overdose
is more common in this group of patients; therefore, the lowest number
of tablets that is feasible should be prescribed for the patient at any
The effect of BELSOMRA on respiratory function should be considered.
Sleep paralysis, hypnagogic/hypnopompic hallucinations, and
cataplexy-like symptoms can occur. The risk of cataplexy-like symptoms
increases with the dose of BELSOMRA.
BELSOMRA is not recommended for patients with severe hepatic impairment
or those taking a strong CYP3A inhibitor.
In clinical studies, the most common adverse reaction (reported in 5% or
more of patients treated with 15 mg or 20 mg of BELSOMRA and at least
twice the placebo rate) was somnolence (BELSOMRA 7%, placebo 3%).
The recommended dose of BELSOMRA is 5 mg in patients receiving moderate
Digoxin levels should be monitored, as slight increases were seen with
coadministration of BELSOMRA (suvorexant).
For more than a century, Merck, a leading global biopharmaceutical
company known as MSD outside of the United States and Canada, has been
inventing for life, bringing forward medicines and vaccines for many of
the world’s most challenging diseases. Through our prescription
medicines, vaccines, biologic therapies and animal health products, we
work with customers and operate in more than 140 countries to deliver
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research to advance the prevention and treatment of diseases that
threaten people and communities around the world – including cancer,
cardio-metabolic diseases, emerging animal diseases, Alzheimer’s disease
and infectious diseases including HIV and Ebola. For more information,
visit www.merck.com and
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Please see Prescribing Information for BELSOMRA (suvorexant) at
Please see the Medication Guide for BELSOMRA (suvorexant) at